Predictions about COVID19 from Dystopian Fiction Literature and Films: Useful Resources to Check Out While Stuck in the House

Post-Apocalyptic Fiction- https://mythbuilders.com/brief-history-post-apocalyptic-fiction/

Dr. David Childs, Ph.D.
Northern Kentucky University

An Educated and Informed Citizenry is One of the Hallmarks of a Successful Democracy

An important component of a successful democracy is to have an informed and educated citizenry. If citizens do not have access to reliable knowledge and the ability to differentiate between valid and invalid information our democracy is destined to fail. It is indeed our ability to read and write and gain information about current issues in society that empowers us. In order for us to make wise choices about our candidates for public office or to make choices about what issues to vote for we must do our research and our “homework.” Along these same lines, as a university professor, I am always encouraging my students to read more. Further, I even tell them that if they do not like to read it is likely because they have not found anything that they find interesting. If they find a topic or genre that interests them they would enjoy reading more. There are many literary genres and categories to choose from including non-fiction, biographies, graphic novels, westerns, mystery novels, historical fiction, science fiction and apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction. As a child who went to an inner city elementary school, I did not always understand the value of literacy and education. However, I had teachers that introduced me to historical fiction and post-apocalyptic fiction. It was from reading novels such as My Brother Sam is Dead By James and Christopher Collier and George Orwell’s dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) that I fell in love with reading and education. It is in that spirit I would like to offer some resources and material that students can grab that are related to the COVID19 virus pandemic.

Apocalyptic and Post-apocalyptic Fiction and Media Related to Coronavirus
There is a genre of books called apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction that has always fascinated me. A sub-genre of apocalyptic literature that is related to the current pandemic is dystopian literature. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction defines dystopian works as depicting a negative view of “the way the world is supposedly going in order to provide urgent propaganda for a change in direction.” In the current times in which we are living, my mind has gone back to some of the literature I have read and even films I have seen that try to speak to what life might be like in the not-so-distant future, if some disease or nuclear fall-out scenario gets the best of us. Some people even use biblical language and say some of the content from this genre can be  prophetic. Reminiscent of the genre of religious texts known as apocalyptic literature. That is, the scenarios that are playing out in our world today (I.e. the rapid advancement of disease spread throughout the world) are eerily similar to what has been stated or even predicted in some of the ancient literature, as well as modern books and films about the end of days. 

Thus, in this article I thought it would be fun to provide resources within the apocalyptic genre that deal with a wide range of subjects and predictions about what the end of days will be like. This post is not meant to scare folks but is an excuse to get us reading more and reflecting more upon our world and our society while many folks around the world are on lock down. What will be our “new normal”? What adjustments will we have to make as Americans? What comforts will we have to give up? What will our lives be like in this new world post pandemic? Will it be similar to scenarios that play out in literature and films? But on a lighter note, what better time to start reading and checking out some classic texts and films than now?      

Resources and Lesson Plans
Below I am offering some online resources and lesson materials that teachers can use in language arts, social studies and science classes to help them teach about dystopian concepts, human adaptation to struggle and the rapid spread of diseases in society and people’s reaction to them. Many of the resources below are free (Including full movies in some cases), clickable links that will take the reader right to the material. These are great resources that can keep students engaged, in light of many of them being suddenly home-schooled. 

Dystopian Literature

The Stand, by Stephen King (1978)
We chose this book first because there is a surprising similarity between the pandemic in The Stand and the coronavirus outbreak. Some might argue that King is prophetic as this fiction novel seems more realistic today than ever before. However, there are some more sinister differences between the scenario that plays out in King’s novel and today’s reality with COVID19. In The Stand there is a strain of influenza that the government has modified for biological warfare. However, the virus has been accidentally released, which causes a pandemic that wipes out most of the world’s population. We hope and pray that this won’t be the fate of our world today, but this is Stephen King at his finest. He has an uncanny knack for tapping into our deepest fears as humans.

Pale Horse, by Katherine Anne Porter (1939)
Pale Horse is somewhat of a historical novel that is similar to The Stand and the times that we are living in because it also deals with a flu pandemic. The notion of the pale horse is a reference to apocalyptic writings from Revelations 6:8 in the bible. The novel is centered around an actual historic event, namely the Spanish flu pandemic that took the lives of 40-50 million people in 1918. The author Katherine Porter had contracted the flu during the pandemic in her youth and nearly died, which likely influenced her to write the book. The book revolves around romance between the characters Adam and Miranda during the pandemic. Miranda contracts the disease and is cared for by her lover. However, unfortunately, Adam dies from the disease while Miranda survives. 

Severance, by Ling Ma (2018)
The novel Severance seems very prophetic as it was written very recently, as in two years ago. The author is a Chinese American and was perhaps inspired by the recent pandemics that have taken place in China as of late. In her book a plague called Shen Fever rapidly spreads and the main character (Candace) who is in the early stages of pregnancy is one of the last survivors to escape the city. She is rescued by a group of survivors led by a tyrannical leader, who live underground. This is a familiar trope and story line, that to me never gets old.   

Another novel from the early twentieth century is entitled The Plague, by Albert Camus (1947). Camus’ article is great for social studies and language arts classes as it deals with some larger themes revolving around the best and worst of humanity. The novel centers around a plague that sweeps through the French Algerian city of Oran, and is thought to be based on the cholera epidemic that decimated Oran in 1849. The novel is written in the existentialist tradition. Existentialist literature focuses on human autonomy and a quest to make meaning out of a meaningless world. The novel studies “the human condition and the effects a pandemic of this scale has on a populace.” This text can be really useful in an advanced language arts or social studies classroom, and would be a very timely read in light of the COVID19 epidemic.

And just for fun, for you horror or Walking Dead fans, The Strain trilogy by Chuck Hogan and Guillermo del Toro (2009-2011) offers a fresh new take on the vampire myth. The book is about a virus that is carried by silver capillary worms and spreads quickly turning its victims into vampires. The protagonist is an epidemiologist named Dr. Ephraim Goodweather who is bent on finding a cure for the disease, which is spreading like wildfire throughout the world. 

Lesson Plans and Resources Using Dystopian Literature
A Dystopian Future- Lesson Plan
Here are some Hunger Game lessons
Hunger Games Lesson Plans
Hunger Games Unit Plan
The Hunger Games Exploring Choice; Fear; Animalistic Instincts; Conformity How do these characteristics change who you are or how you make decisions?
Fahrenheit 451 in Social Studies- Lesson Plan
The Giver- Lesson Plan
Dystopian Literature Unit Plan

Books about epidemic and pandemic diseases
7 chilling fictional books about virus outbreaks you should take a sniff at
Although it is a non-fiction text Outbreak!: 50 Tales of Epidemics that Terrorized the World is a very timely resource in light of the COVID19 pandemic.
I Am Legend (1954)
Love in the Time of Cholera by Gabriel Garcia Marquez (1985)
Journal of the Plague Years by Norman Spinrad (1988)
The Child Garden by Geoff Ryman (1989)
Ammonite by Nicola Griffith (1992)
Beauty Salon by Mario Bellatin (1994)
Blindness by José Saramago (1995)
The Years of Rice and Salt by Kim Stanley Robinson (2002)
Pandemics: An Essential Reading List
List of dystopian literature
Two Notable Books Within the Dystopian Genre
Brave New World (1931), by Aldous Huxley
Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), by George Orwell

Apocalyptic and Post-apocalyptic Films.
Here is a List of apocalyptic films.
Outbreak
Contagion (2011) Official Exclusive
The Omega Man- 1971- Full Movie
The Omega Man -Trailer
I am Legend
The Book of Eli
The Time Machine By H.G. Wells (Full Movie)
Time Machine (Trailer)
Mad Max: Beyond Thunderdome (1985) – Movie Trailer
Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978)- Full Movie
Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978)- Trailer
The Matrix
The Faculty
The Maze Runner
War of the Worlds (1953) Classic
“The War Of The Worlds” [1953] HD Stereo Sampler
The Last Man on Earth (1964)
Night of the Living Dead (1964)- Full Movie
Night of the Living Dead- Trailer

Conclusion
As I stated earlier, this article is not to invoke fear in people, but books and material like what we have discussed can give us insight into the human experience and perhaps give us some directives on how to respond to tragedies such the coronavirus pandemic and other human struggles that will come our way in the future on both a micro and macro level.

Discussion Questions
1. What are themes from the literature and films that speak to the current COVID19 pandemic?

2. Discuss ways you might be able to use select dystopian films or literature in your social studies and language arts courses in a meaningful way?

3. If you have used some of this material in your class or even encountered the resources in your middle or high school experience how did you engage the material? As a teacher how did you use the material?



4 Comments

  1. I chose this article as I am often interested by Dystopian Fiction Literature and Films. I think it has always interested me as it is so different from our world, however, this year with the pandemic it has definitely become more real so it was definitely interesting to read this article and get the resources it provided. Therefore, current worldly events are definitely one way that helps teachers select such films and literature in specific courses. Specifically, in middle school and high school I remember reading The Giver and 1984. In middle and high school, we mainly engaged the literature by reading either individually or in groups and then discussing it and breaking down the themes and other concepts. Another example I thought of when reading through your article was of the different seasons and themes of American Horror Story as over Quarantine I watched the Season named Cult which was about the 2016-2017 election as well as the Season named Apocalypse as that was also similar to the themes talked about in the article and with dystopias. Lastly, as we talked about in class with the Pocahontas example I think a meaningful way to really utilize the dystopian films in literature would be as a hook or entrance to the class or also as a wrap up and introduction for the next day to reflect on.

  2. I found this article particular interesting to read, 5 months after being posted. I would have loved to have come across this during quarantine, as I was super interested in the conspiracy theories about COVID. It is so interesting to me how there’s this notion that people “predict” something like a pandemic happening. Over quarantine, I watched Outbreak on Netflix (which is no longer on Netflix). It was intriguing to me to see, now, how alike this movie was to how the world is now.

  3. Growing up it was always fun to read dystopian fiction and often the books that I read were about society and different scenarios that could happen or have already happened in some sort of way. This article is very convenient as we are all stuck in the house due to COVID19, and I think these books would be very interesting to read since most of them are based on real pandemics that have happened like the book that is mentioned “Pale Horse”, where it is actually based on the Spanish Flu, I feel like it would be interesting to read because it came from someone that had actually contracted the virus. These books would also be really beneficial for people who are in the process of becoming teachers because we will be able to teach them of the viruses but also teach them about the aftermath of the pandemics as well. I think these will be very interesting to read now, and who knows there will probably be a book about the coronavirus as well soon which will also be interesting.

  4. These are some interesting recommendations. I recognize a few from high school and my classes at NKU, but most of these I have never heard of before. “Pale Horse” sounds especially interesting, since the author is writing somewhat from her own experience. The further we get along in the coronavirus pandemic, the less certain I am that things will return to the way they were. I think the normal we have coming is going to be pretty far from the normal we used to know. In March I would have laughed or groaned about associating what we’re going through with dystopian or post-apocalyptic fiction, but now in June it isn’t so outlandish. So many people have died of COVID-19 at this point in our country. When 3,000 people died on 9/11, the country was scarred for over a decade. I don’t know how we will process the deaths of 117,000 people. I have never lived through something like this.

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